A Chronology of the Bible


The dates from Adam until the Fall of Jerusalem are determined by scripture.  The dates denominated “B.C.” are determined arithmetically.  The Gregorian Calendar (the calendar we use today) dates are tied to 587 B.C., the date of the Fall of Jerusalem that is almost universally used by historians. After this time we must depend on historians for our dating.

The abbreviation “A.D.” comes from the Latin Anno Domini, or “The Year of Our Lord.”  The abbreviation “B.C.” is generally used as Before Christ.  Some, including many Jews, use the abbreviation B.C.E., or Before the Common Era, which is an insult to Jesus Messiah.


From Adam       Before Christ    

             0           4009         Adam created

         130           3879          Seth born (Genesis 5:3)

         235           3774         Enosh born (Genesis 5:6)

         325           3684         Kenan born (Genesis 5:9)

         395           3614         Mahalalel born (Genesis 5:12)

         460           3549         Jared born (Genesis 5:15)

         622           3387         Enoch born (Genesis 5:18)

         687           3322         Methuselah born (Genesis 5:21)

         874           3135         Lamech born (Genesis 5:25)

         1056         2953          Noah born (Genesis 5:28)


Noah was the 10th generation from Creation.


         1558         2451         Shem born

Shem was 100 years old two years after the Flood - Genesis 11:10.  The sons of Noah are listed as Shem, Ham and Japheth, although Ham was the youngest - Genesis 9:24.  Because the line of Jesus came through Shem, we are only given a detailed genealogy through him.  It is from the name “Shem” that we get the term “Semites” or “Semitic people”, the descendants of Shem.

         1656         2353         The Great Flood (Noah - 500 years old - Genesis 7:6)

         1658         2351         Arphaxad born (Genesis 11:10)

         1693         2316         Shelah born (Genesis 11:12)

         1723         2286         Eber born (Genesis 11:14)

         1757         2252         Peleg born (Genesis 11:16)

         1787         2222         Reu born (Genesis 11:18)

         1819         2190         Serug born (Genesis 11:20)

         1849         2160         Nahor born (Genesis 11:22)

From Adam       Before Christ    

         1878         2131         Terah born (Genesis 11:24)

         2008         2001         Abram born

Genesis 11:32 tells us that Terah was 205 years old when he died.  In Acts 7:4 we are told that Abram left Haran and moved to Canaan when his father died.  We are also told in Genesis 12:4 that Abram was 75 years old when he left Haran.  Deduction tells us that Terah was 130 years old when Abram was born, therefore Abram was born in the 2008th year of human history.


Abram was the 10th generation from Noah.


         2083         1926         Promise to Abram (Genesis 12:1-3)

         2108         1901         Isaac born (Genesis 21:5)

                  2168         1841          Jacob born (Genesis 25:26)

                  2298         1711         Jacob moved to Egypt (Genesis 47:9)

                  2513         1496         The Children of Israel leave Egypt (Exodus     12:41)

The Septuagint in Exodus 12:41 states the Children of Jacob (Israel) were  in Egypt and Canaan 430 years.  In Galatians 3:16-17, Paul says that the Promise made to Abram was confirmed by the Law (given at Mt. Sinai) 430 years later.

It is interesting that from the Promise until the Children of Israel came to Egypt was 215 years.  Then, the Children of Israel were in Egypt 215 years.


         2514          1495         The Children of Israel leave Sinai (Numbers 10:11)

         2553         1456          Crossing the Jordan

The Children (or descendants) of Israel (or Jacob) crossed the Jordan River into the Promised Land 40 years after they left Egypt (Deuteronomy 1:3), or 39 years after their rebellion at Kadesh-Barnea (Deuteronomy 2:14).

         2560         1449         Caleb given the town of Hebron (Joshua 14:10)


The Period of the Judges

I have not been able to discover a specific beginning date for the period when Israel was led by judges.  The following is a list of judges and the amount of time they led.  Intermingled with these times are periods of  oppression by various groups of people.


Judge        Years      Reference



Judges 3:9



Judges 3:15



Judges 3:31



Judges 5:31



Judges 8:28



Judges 10:2



Judges 10:3



Judges 12:7



Judges 12:9



Judges 12:10



Judges 12:14



Judges 16:31



1 Samuel 4:18


Because of incomplete information during the time of the Judges, the following dates are based upon the beginning of the Temple (2993 years from Adam, 1016 B.C.) as found in I Kings 6:1

From Adam       Before Christ    

         2906          1103         Saul born

Based upon the following kingship of Saul and David, the date of the birth of Saul is determined by arithmetic.  (Working back from the building of the Temple.)  Saul was 30 years old when he became king (I Samuel 13:1)

         2919         1090         David born

David was 30 years old when he became king. (I Samuel 5:4)  If he was made king in 2949th year from Adam, then he was born in the 2919th year.

         2936         1073         Saul made King of Israel

The Bible does not specifically tell us how long Saul was king of Israel, but it can be determined.  If Saul immediately became king after the Ark was lost to the Philistines (I Samuel 4:10-11), and the Ark was at the house of Abinidab for 20 years (I Samuel 7:2), and if David moved it immediately after becoming king of all Israel (I Kings 2:11), the maximum time Saul could have reigned is 13 years.  (20 years – 7 years in Hebron = 13 years.)

         2949         1060         David made King of Judah

David reigned for 40 years. (I Kings 2:11)  From the beginning of Temple construction (2993 from Adam), in Solomon’s fourth year, we can determine that David became king 44 years earlier.

         2956          1053         The Ark of the Covenant brought to Jerusalem

David reigned in Hebron for 7 years. (I Kings 2:10)  This date is based on the assumption that he brought the Ark with him when he moved.

         2989         1020         Solomon made King of Israel

The foundation of the Temple was laid in the 4th year of Solomon’s reign per I Kings 6:37.  From this we can determine that Solomon became king in 1020 B.C.


         2993         1016         Temple construction began

Construction of the Temple began 480 years after the Exodus from Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign (I Kings 6:1).  2513 years from Adam plus 480 = 2993.  1496 B.C. minus 480 = 1016.

         3000         1009         The Temple completed (I Kings 6:38)


The Temple of God was completed in the 3000th year of human history!


Solomon reigned 40 years (1020 B.C. to 980 B.C.) per I Kings 11:42.  His son, Rehoboam, caused the northern portion of the Kingdom to rebel and follow Jereboam. 

         Kings of Judah

         3029         980          The Kingdom is divided/Reheboam reigns 17 years (I Kings 14:21)

         3046         963          Abijah reigned 3 years (I Kings 15:1)

         3049         960          Asa reigned 41 years (I Kings 15:9)

         3090         919          Jehoshaphat reigned 25 years (I Kings                                                    22:41)

         3115         894          Jehoram reigned 8 years (II Kings 8:17)

         3123         886          Ahaziah reigned 1 year (II Kings 8:26)

         3124         885          Athalia reigned 6 years (II Kings 11:1-4)

         3130         879          Jehoash reigned 40 years (II Kings 12:1)

         3170         839          Amaziah reigned 29 years (II Kings 14:2)

         3199         810          Uzziah reigned 52 years (II Kings 15:2)

         3251         758          Jotham reigned 16 years (II Kings 15:33)

         3267         742          Ahaz reigned 16 years (II Kings 16:2)

         3283         726          Hezekiah reigned 29 years (II Kings 18:2)

         3287         722          The Fall of the Kingdom of Israel


According to historic records, the northern Kingdom of Israel was conquered by Assyria and most of the people deported in 722 B.C.


         3312         697          Manasseh reigned 55 years (II Kings 21:1)

         3367         640          Amon reigned 2 years (II Kings 21:19)

         3369         640          Josiah reigned 31 years (II Kings 22:1)

         3400         609        Jehoahaz reigned 3 months (II Kings 23:31)

         3400         609        Jehoiakim reigned 11 years (II Kings 23:36)

         3411         598        Jehoiachin reigned 3 months (II Kings 24:8)

         3411         598          Zedekiah reigned 11 years (II Kings 24:18)

         3422         587          The Fall of the Kingdom of Judah


Again, according to historic records Judah was conquered by King Nebuchadnezzar in 587 B.C.  Many of the Jewish people (including Ezekiel and Daniel) were exiled to Babylon for 70 years.


From Adam       Before Christ

         3470         539          The Fall of Babylon

Historians give us the date of the Fall of Babylon.  The events of that night in the palace of Belshazzar are described in Daniel chapter 5.

         3471         538           King Cyrus authorizes the rebuilding of the Temple(Ezra 1:1-3)


The following dates are based upon historic references and estimates.


         3532         477           The institution of Purim

Purim celebrates the victory of the Jews over their attempted annihilation.  The events are described in the Book of Esther.

         3551         458           Ezra comes to Jerusalem to spur the rebuilding of the Temple

         3564         445           Nehemiah comes to Jerusalem to complete the building of the city wall


         4005             4           JESUS BORN IN BETHLEHEM!

A little explanation is needed for the dating of 4 B.C.  Firstly, it is known that errors were made in determining when Year One A.D. occurred.  Also, Herod the Great is thought to have died in 4 B.C., so Jesus could not have been born later.  In John 2:20 we find that the remodeling of the Temple by Herod had been going on for 46 years.  Historians know that the work was begun in 20 B.C.  This places the date as 27 A.D.  If Jesus began His ministry at age 30 (Luke 2:23), then He was born in 4 B.C.  Priests served in the Tabernacle and the Temple from the age of 30 years to 50 years.  The first king of Israel, Saul, became king at age 30.  David, from whom Jesus descended, became king at age 30.  Jesus will reign on David’s throne. (Isaiah 9:7)  It is not surprising that Jesus began His ministry at age 30.


From Adam       Anno Domini

         4035         27     Jesus began His ministry (see above)

         4039         31     The Crucifixion and Resurrection of Jesus          

From the Gospels it is surmised that the ministry of Jesus lasted 3½ years, from the Fall of 27 A.D. to the Spring of 31 A.D.  Interestingly, if seven is the “Number of Completion,” then 3½ indicates incompletion, or something partially complete.  This fits because the ministry of Jesus was incomplete.  He is coming again!

         4078         70     The Destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple

         4103         95     The Revelation of Jesus to the Apostle John

Bible scholars, noting the events of history and certain terms used by the Apostle, have determined that the last book of the Bible was written about 95 A.D.

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